On 28 November 2014, the Australian Human Rights Centre, UNSW Australia (UNSW), Asian International Justice Initiative (AIJI) and the Victims Support Section (VSS) at the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) held a workshop on Transformative Reparations for Sexual and Gender Based Violence at the ECCC. The focus of the workshop was the possibility, within the reparations mandate and legal framework of the ECCC, of designing and implementing transformative reparations for sexual and gender-based violence. The workshop engaged a range of ECCC actors, representatives of civil parties, researchers, academics and civil society organizations.
The concept of transformative reparations was then applied to the Cambodian context to determine the potential for transformation as part of the reparations projects developed within the ECCC framework. Experiences from previous cases and reparations projects were considered. An assessment was then made of the potential for the current case before the ECCC, which includes charges of forced marriage and sexual and gender-based violence, to support reparations projects that might have transformative effects. Workshop participants considered a range of possible reparations projects that would address the particular needs of victims of sexual and gender-based violence during the Democratic Kampuchea (DK) regime, as well as potentially altering attitudes or conditions that contribute to sexual and gender-based violence in Cambodia today. Finally, a number of recommendations were drawn from the discussions and presentations.
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