Posted by: AIJI Trial Monitor | November 10, 2016

KRT Monitor Case 002/02 – Issue 70 (17-20 October 2016)

This week the Trial Chamber began by hearing two witnesses, Mr. Cheal Choeun and 2-TCW-1037, on purges in the Northwest Zone.  In addition to information on purges, 2-TCW-1037 was able to provide testimony on the regulation of marriage and treatment of the ethnic Vietnamese and Cham populations.  On Tuesday afternoon the Court began hearing the Expert Witness for the next segment on the nature of armed conflict.  Australian academic Mr. Stephen Morris testified about what he called “Vietnamese imperial ambitions,” and the “paranoia” and “irrationality” of the Democratic Kampuchea (DK) regime.  On Thursday afternoon Civil Party Preap Sokhoeun began her testimony on the regulation of marriage, telling the court about being forced to marry a man who then raped her.  Like last week, a number of objections were raised about questions pertaining to topics seen as falling outside the scope of Case 002/02.

KRT Trial Monitor No. 70 – Hearings on Evidence Week 67 (17-20 October 2016)

English – Khmer (Summary)

Posted by: AIJI Trial Monitor | November 10, 2016

KRT Monitor Case 002/02 – Issue 69 (10-13 October 2016)

This week the Trial Chamber resumed proceedings after a one week break to mark the traditional Pchum Ben holiday, and a further week’s pause due to flooding in the court compound which made it impossible to hold hearings.  From Monday to Wednesday this week, clinical psychologist and medical anthropologist Dr. Peg Levine testified as an expert witness on the regulation of marriage.  The Trial Chamber extended the time allotted to Parties to question the Expert after her testimony sparked an interesting debate in the courtroom around the use of the term “forced” to describe DK marriages.  On Wednesday afternoon, Civil Party Ms. Pen Sochan testified about being raped by her husband in Bakan District, Pursat Province, after events she had previously detailed in the documentary Red Wedding, produced by Lida Chan and Guillaume Suon.  After the conclusion of Pen Sochan’s testimony, Witness Cheal Choeun began to testify about purges in the Northwest Zone. The Nuon Chea Defense had initially requested this Witness, but international counsel attempted to withdraw him from the witness list on Monday this week. The Trial Chamber denied the request, and decided to hear his testimony as scheduled.  Cheal Choeun will conclude his testimony next week.

KRT Trial Monitor No. 69 – Hearings on Evidence Week 66 (10-13 October 2016)

English – Khmer (Summary)

Posted by: AIJI Trial Monitor | October 11, 2016

KRT Monitor Case 002/02 – Issue 68 (19-22 September 2016)

This week the Trial Chamber heard from two Civil Parties on the regulation of marriage and two witnesses on internal purges.  On Monday this week, Ms. Sa Lay Hieng testified via video-link from Pailin Province about her experience refusing two marriage proposals and agreeing out of fear to a third proposal during Democratic Kampuchea (DK).  On Tuesday morning, the testimony of Civil Party Ms Mom Vun who began her testimony last week concluded with questions from the Defense teams.  On Tuesday afternoon, proceedings shifted back to the purge segment, with Witness Mr. Sem Am providing evidence about purges within Division 310, including the arrests of Oeun and North Zone Secretary Koy Thuon.  Finally this week the Chamber heard from 2-TCW-1036, who testified under a protective pseudonym, about his work for Northwest Zone Secretary Ruos Nhim and his subsequent arrest in 1977. Parties also debated a number of legal issues this week including the scope of Case 002/02 and the use of torture-tainted evidence.  At the end of the week the Chamber adjourned until Tuesday 4 October to mark the annual Cambodian holiday of Pchum Ben.

KRT Trial Monitor No. 68 – Hearings on Evidence Week 65 (19-22 September 2016)

EnglishKhmer (Summary)

Posted by: AIJI Trial Monitor | October 10, 2016

KRT Monitor Case 002/02 – Issue 67 (13-16 September 2016)

This week the Trial Chamber heard from one expert and one Civil Party on the regulation of marriage and heard one new witness on S-21 Security Center.  First, Ms. Kasumi Nakagawa testified as an expert over the course of two days on the regulation of marriage and sexual and gender-based violence in Cambodia before, during and after the Democratic Kampuchea (DK) period.  On Wednesday, the Trial Chamber returned to the segment on security centers and internal purges and heard testimony of Witness Nim Oem, called by the Nuon Chea Defense. Nim Oem worked as the chief of the photography unit at S-21 and was able to explain the procedure that existed for photographing prisoners.  Finally, Civil Party Mom Vun testified about her experience of being gang-raped prior to an arranged marriage which she was then forced to consummate at gun point. Objections were made this week related to new disclosures of documents from Cases 003 and 004, as well as the proposal by the Trial Chamber to call a new witness in the upcoming segment on the nature of armed conflict.

KRT Trial Monitor No. 67 – Hearings on Evidence Week 64 (13-16 September 2016)

EnglishKhmer (Summary)

Posted by: AIJI Trial Monitor | September 21, 2016

KRT Monitor Case 002/02 – Issue 66 (5-8 September 2016)

This week the Trial Chamber heard the testimony of one Witness in closed session and spent the rest of the week on the presentation of key documents related to the regulation of marriage. Witness 2-TCW-1002 was heard in closed session on Monday 5 September as his testimony relates to ongoing investigations in Cases 003 and 004.  Before going into closed session the Trial Chamber also heard responses to a number of requests to admit new documents ahead of upcoming Expert testimony of 2-TCE-82.  On Tuesday, the OCP and LCLCP presented key documents related to the regulation of marriage and which they believe demonstrate there was a nation-wide policy on marriage that had nuances in different areas.  The Defense Teams declined to present any documents, however on Thursday the Khieu Samphan Defense responded to the documents presented by the OCP and LCLCP.  After this the Chamber heard responses to a number of scheduling concerns.

KRT Trial Monitor No. 66 – Hearings on Evidence Week 63 (5-8 September 2016)

EnglishKhmer (Summary)

Posted by: AIJI Trial Monitor | September 19, 2016

KRT Monitor Case 002/02 – Issue 65 (29 August-1 September 2016)

This week the Trial Chamber continued to hear testimony related to the regulation of marriage during Democratic Kampuchea (DK).  The Chamber first heard from Civil Party Mr. Seng Soeun, who arranged group wedding ceremonies for handicapped soldiers with women from Kampot pepper plantations.  On Tuesday afternoon, Civil Party Ms. Chea Dieb testified about a policy, announced by Khieu Samphan at a meeting she attended in Phnom Penh, that everyone over the age of 19 working at a ministry should be married.  Finally, Witness Ms. Phan Van, a former member of the Ministry of Commerce, testified about her own experience of marriage while based near Tuol Tom Pong Market, as well as her knowledge of arrests of people connected to the North Zone.  At the end of the week the Trial Chamber held a lengthy debate on the appearance of a demographic expert 2-TCE-93, who was originally proposed by both the OCP and Nuon Chea Defense Team.

KRT Trial Monitor No. 65 – Hearings on Evidence Week 62 (19 August – 1 September 2016)

EnglishKhmer (Summary)

Posted by: AIJI Trial Monitor | September 14, 2016

KRT Monitor Case 002/02 – Issue 64 (22-25 August 2016)

This week the Trial Chamber concluded hearing testimony on the segment on internal purges and began a new segment on the regulation of marriage during Democratic Kampuchea (DK).  On Monday the final witness on internal purges, 2-TCW-850, testified about purges in the Central Zone, however the testimony he provided was largely inconsistent with his prior statements.  On Monday afternoon Civil Party 2-TCCP-274 testified about her experience of being married during DK, and an incident in which she was raped by her unit chief after refusing to consummate her marriage with her husband.  The second Civil Party this week was Ms. Sou Sotheavy, a transgender woman who married a woman in August 1977 out of fear for her life.  On Thursday Civil Party 2-TCCP-232 testified about his marriage, describing how he had been refused permission to marry his chosen fiancée because she had had a family member who was “smashed” by the regime, and he was instead made to marry a stranger.  Several legal issues were raised this week, including requests to clarify whether rape outside of the context of forced marriage is included in the scope of Case 002/02, and objections over repetitive and insensitive questions.

KRT Trial Monitor No. 64 – Hearings on Evidence Week 61 (22-25 August 2016)

EnglishKhmer (Summary)

Posted by: AIJI Trial Monitor | August 29, 2016

KRT Monitor Case 002/02 – Issue 63 (15-18 August 2016)

The Trial Chamber covered a great deal if ground this week; concluding last week’s victim impact and key documents hearings on security centers and internal purges.  Three Civil Parties were heard on Monday, with testimony related to suffering they experienced as a result of purges in the East Zone and S-21 Security Center.  On Tuesday, the Khieu Samphan Defense presented their response to key documents presented by last week by the OCP and LCLCP.  On Wednesday the Trial Chamber heard from a new Civil Party, 2-TCCP-1040, who testified under a pseudonym about purges in the East Zone and a rebellion by Sao Phim.  On Thursday the Chamber heard from another witness on internal purges: Mr. Suoy Sao, whose in-court testimony was so different to the information he gave in his 2009 DC-Cam statement that the court went into a closed-session in order to ascertain if there was an issue with his testimony.  A number of legal issues came up this week including objections to questions beyond the scope of the trial, the use of certain material as evidence and the confidentiality of the identity of 2-TCCP-1040.

KRT Trial Monitor No. 63 – Hearings on Evidence Week 60 (15-18 August 2016)

EnglishKhmer (Summary)

Posted by: AIJI Trial Monitor | August 29, 2016

KRT Monitor Case 002/02 – Issue 62 (11-12 August 2016)

This week, the postponement of key document hearings originally scheduled to begin on Monday, resulted in a break in proceedings until Thursday.  Over two days of proceedings this week, the Trial Chamber heard statements from three Civil Parties as part of the victim impact hearings for the fourth segment related to security centers and internal purges, in addition to commencing documentary hearings with the presentation of key documents for this segment of Case 002/02 from the OCP and LCLCP.  On Thursday, Mr. Che Heab testified first about the loss of five of his eight siblings during the purges in Division 310, particularly the death of his elder brother Che Heay, whose family was also executed.  Next, Ms. Phoung Yat testified about the loss of her sister, whom she learned after the regime had been killed at S-21.  Finally Civil Party Ms. Ros Chuor Siy testified via video-link from Paris about the suffering she experienced as a result of the death of her husband Ros Sarin at S-21. Next week the victim impact hearings will conclude on Monday with the hearing of three further Civil Parties, followed by the conclusion of the key document hearings on Tuesday with responses from the Defense.

KRT Trial Monitor No. 62 – Hearings on Evidence Week 59 (11-12 August 2016)

EnglishKhmer (Summary)

Posted by: AIJI Trial Monitor | August 29, 2016

KRT Monitor Case 002/02 – Issue 61 (1-4 August 2016)

This week the Trial Chamber continued to hear the testimony of Expert Witness Mr. Henri Locard, who was questioned by the two defense teams.  The Expert also testified about his knowledge of DK security centers and CPK slogans.  Following the conclusion of Mr. Locard’s testimony, Witness 2-TCW-976 testified under a pseudonym in line with the Trial Chamber’s guidelines on maintaining the confidentiality of witnesses who are part of ongoing investigations.  The Witness provided largely contradictory testimony about his time as a messenger in the Northwest Zone, and had limited knowledge of purges that allegedly took place there.  Finally, this week the Trial Chamber heard from Witness Chen Saroeun, a former member of Division 920, who testified about internal conflict and purges in Mondulkiri Province.  On Thursday the Trial Chamber held a trial management meeting, largely in camera, in order to discuss scheduling and the admission of new documents into Case 002/02 which have come to light in ongoing investigations.

KRT Trial Monitor No. 61 – Hearings on Evidence Week 58 (1-4 August 2016)

EnglishKhmer (Summary)

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