Posted by: AIJI Trial Monitor | August 6, 2014

Closing Statements in Case 002/01

October 2013 saw three weeks of closing statements in Case 002/01 by parties and  statements from Co-Accused Nuon Chea and Khieu Samphan.

For an in depth week by week overview of the arguments presented before the Court, read the issues here:

70 ■ Week 65 ■ 16-18 October 2013

71 ■ Week 66 ■ 21-15 October 2013

72 ■ Week 67 ■ 28-31 October 2013

Posted by: AIJI Trial Monitor | July 21, 2014

AIJI Outreach: Media at the Khmer Rouge Trials

Click here to read Christoph Sperfeldt’s (Regional Program Coordinator of AIJI) article in AsiaPacific Issues concerning some of AIJI’s work in mass media outreach:

“Increasingly, individuals who have perpetrated mass atrocities are being held to account in criminal tribunals. Whether these are in-country tribunals or convened elsewhere, one of their main purposes is to obtain justice for victims. Building a bridge between the tribunal and the affected population is key to achieving this and other goals, such as promoting the rule of law and community reconciliation. But limited or ineffective outreach can negate the wider potential of these tribunals. Surprisingly, tribunals do not typically give the outreach process the priority needed to realize its potential. The case of the tribunal in Cambodia, which is trying leaders of the Khmer Rouge, demonstrates that innovative approaches to outreach—including, in this case, a TV series in a popular talk-show format—can help ensure that the opportunity for national progress provided by the tribunal is fully realized”

 

API 115_BroadcastingJustice-2014

Posted by: AIJI Trial Monitor | May 29, 2014

Severance and Scope of Case 002/02

On 4 April 2014, ECCC Trial Chamber released decision E301/9/1, “Decision on Additional Severance of Case 002 and Scope of Case 002/02.” AIJI summarized the Trial Chamber’s decision in the chart below, detailing the Court’s reasoning and the specifics of scope for Case 002/02.

PDF here:

Khmer: Severance & Scope Case 002/02

For a PDF with links, please refer to the Severance & Scope of Case 002/02 Chart in English

Screen Shot 2014-08-05 at 10.16.29 AM

Severance & Scope of Case 002/02

 

Posted by: AIJI Trial Monitor | May 8, 2014

General Case 002/01 Procedural Timeline

PDFs:

For the Khmer PDF click here: Timeline of Case 002/01 in Khmer

For working links, find the PDF here: Case 002/01 Procedural History in English

Screen Shot 2014-08-05 at 10.23.40 AM

 

 

 

JPG_Case 002/01

 

Posted by: AIJI Trial Monitor | April 29, 2014

ECCC Updates, December 2013 – April 2014

KRT Monitor has been keeping up with ECCC submissions and important court updates following Closing Statements of Case 002/01 on our Facebook page. Read below for the compiled monthly updates throughout 2014.

ECCC Update, December – January 2014

On 11-13 December 2013, Trial Chamber President Nil Nonn summoned the Parties to discuss how to proceed with Case 002/02, including whether a second Trial Chamber panel is necessary to preside over the case and what the scope for Case 002/02 should be. Within a week of the meeting, on 20 December 2013, the President released a memorandum which stated that the maintenance of the current panel of Trial Chamber judges to hear Case 002/02 was in the “interests of justice” for reasons related to the expeditiousness of the proceedings (See http://tinyurl.com/lexqdfj). Building on his argument that the current panel of judges would hear the second phase of Case 002 in a more expeditious manner than a second panel of judges who would be less familiar with the case, the President issued a tentative work plan in December 2013. The work plan outlined the major stages, activities, and reports necessary for the second trial to begin (see http://tinyurl.com/mcdgwmn).

Pursuant to the work plan, the Parties were required to file submissions on the scope of Case 002/02 by 31 January 2014, which, according to the Supreme Court Chamber, is to include charges relating to S21, a worksite, a cooperative and genocide. The Office of Co-Prosecutors have submitted a range of specific crime sites to be included in Case 002/02, which is largely supported by the Civil Parties (see http://tinyurl.com/nql8rcn). However, in addition to requesting that a broader range of worksites and security centers be included in the scope, the Civil Parties also seek the inclusion of forced marriage and the treatment of Buddhists across the country (see the Civil Parties’ submissions at http://tinyurl.com/nmsjnbe).

The Nuon Chea Defense team requested that if the Trial Chamber did decide to limit Case 002/02 to specific crime sites, that those crimes sites include those which Nuon Chea is best placed to establish an affirmative defence. Nuon Chea’s Counsels contend that this would include those crime sites which relate to the alliance between the Northwest and East Zone forces against Pol Pot and Nuon Chea, and the relationship of these forces with the Vietnamese. A major concern of the Nuon Chea Defense is the scope of evidence permitted in Case 002/02, which they contend should be widened to include as prima facie admissible, evidence on any subject within the scope of the entire Closing Order of Case 002 (see http://tinyurl.com/muqpff7). The Khieu Samphan’s Defense team’s submission on scope has not been translated from French at the time of posting (see http://tinyurl.com/khmao87 ).

Additional issues raised by the Parties include the transfer of all evidence admitted in Case 002/01 to Case 002/02 (See http://tinyurl.com/ltk75su) and the reduction of the hearing schedule to accommodate the frail health of the Accused (See http://tinyurl.com/msz2r74).

ECCC Update, February 2014

The first two weeks of February saw the parties’ submission in preparation for the 11 February 2014 Trial Management Meeting, which dealt with a number of issues including proposed scope for Case 002/02. For coverage of the TMM meeting and legal background to the proceedings, read KRT Monitor’s article (http://tinyurl.com/jwsycgg). For decisions made by the Trial Chamber in December 2013 and January 2014, read KRT’s submissions update (http://tinyurl.com/n9ycros).

In terms of the decisions issued by the Trial Chamber in February 2014, the Trial Chamber has yet to provide further guidance as to the intended scope and starting date of Case 002/02. However, the Chamber did issue their decision regarding the Co-Accused’s fitness to stand trial (http://tinyurl.com/pmac3nt) on 17 February 2014. The Chamber conveyed its agreement with Nuon Chea and Khieu Samphan Defense teams that it is necessary to reassess the fitness of both parties due to their age and frailty, and the lengthy period since the last assessment. However, it noted that in the future, parties must have adequate reasons and demonstrate the necessity for additional medical assessment

With this decision, the Chamber also officially appointed a number of experts to assess the health of the Accused pursuant to Internal Rules 31 and 32. These experts, namely Dr Seena Fazel, Dr Chan Kin Ming and psychiatrist Dr Huot Lina, will conduct medical assessment on the Co Accused on 24 and 25 March 2014. The Chamber also noted that it is important to wait for the medical assessment report before considering the sitting times for evidentiary proceedings of Case 002/02. A tentative hearing date of 28 March 2014 has been set to discuss the medical experts’ findings.

ECCC Update, March 2014

On 21 March 2014, the Trial Chamber President Nil Nonn responded to the Accused Khieu Samphan Defense team on their request asking for a delay the start of Case 002/02 given that the legal principles of res judicata and judicial certainty require a final Supreme Court Chamber judgment of Case 002/01. See the Trial Chamber’s decision here (http://tinyurl.com/n9obwg9). In the response, President Nil Nonn denied the request of the Defense team for a number of reasons, citing among others the fundamental interest of protecting civil party and victims and the Trial Chamber’s belief that the fair trial rights of the Accused are not being violated if proceedings start before the final decision. The President emphasized there is no valid legal reason for postponing Case 002/02 until after the Supreme Court Chamber has finally ruled on the appeals relating to case 002/01. For more background information on Nuon Chea’s team submission, see our report on the 11 February Trial Management Meeting here (http://tinyurl.com/jwsycgg).

ECCC Update, April 2014

April saw a few major updates concerning Court proceedings for Case 002/02 and beyond. Notably, on 4 April 2014, the Trial Chamber released their major decision related to the severance and scope of Case 002/02 – read their decision here (http://tinyurl.com/kk8q2zu). After receiving and considering the parties’ submissions for proposed severance and scope of Case 002/02, the Chamber found that additional severance of Case 002 is in the interest of the judiciary and it “does not impede unduly” on the rights of the Accused. Among the considerations guiding the Chamber’s decision was “different legitimate interests rooted in human rights and principles of efficiency,” as well as taking into account that severance is necessary to ensure at least part of the remaining charges are “adjudicated within the lifespan” of the Accused. The Trial Chamber decided on a number of crime sites and factual allegations they believe to be “reasonably representative” of the Closing Order. Read more specifics about this decision in KRT Monitor’s here (http://tinyurl.com/n3qlydb).

In an order dated 8 April 2014, the Trial Chamber requested Parties’ submit lists of proposed witnesses, documents and evidence, and uncontested facts, as well as a list of legal issues they intend to raise at the Initial Hearing. This hearing, the Trial Chamber announced, will happen no later than 9 June 2014. For more information on the Court’s decision, read the ECCC’s Public Affairs Section’s April Court Report issue here (http://tinyurl.com/p29g5r8).

On 24 April 2014, International Co-Prosecutor Mr. Nicholas Koumjian filed a Supplementary Submission for Case 004, requesting the Office of the Co-Investigating Judges (OCIJ) further investigate sexual or gender-based violence and forced marriage crimes committed during the Khmer Rouge period. Read Mr. Koumjian’s submission here (http://tinyurl.com/lpoufql ). One example of the alleged crimes committed includes a marriage ceremony where a group of up to 80 couples was forcibly married at one time. The submission also asked the OCIJ to investigate rape and sexual violence perpetrated by KR cadre, including instances when women were raped before being executed or when women who reported rapes during the Khmer Rouge period were subsequently executed. International Co-Prosecutor Mr. Koumjian further noted the courage of witnesses and Civil Party victims who have come forward to provide evidence of these crimes to ECCC investigators.

On 25 April 2014, Trial Chamber President Nil Nonn issued decisions on the fitness to stand trial of both Accused Khieu Samphan and Nuon Chea. After considering the examinations of the Co-Accused by medical experts, the Trial Chamber found both capable of meaningful participation in their own defence and therefore labeled them fit to stand trial. For the Khieu Samphan decision, click here (http://tinyurl.com/mbw5moe). For the Nuon Chea decision, click here (http://tinyurl.com/n37mhm4).

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ទិដ្ឋភាពទូទៅនៃបញ្ហាស្តីពីសិទ្ធិទទួលបានការជំនុំជម្រះដោយយុត្តិធម៌

ក្នុងសំណុំរឿង០០២/០១

ច្បាប់ស្តីពីការបង្កើតអង្គជំនុំជម្រះវិសាមញ្ញក្នុងតុលាការកម្ពុជា[i] បានកំណត់ថា តុលាការនេះ ត្រូវតែគោរព តាមបទដ្ឋាន​ដែលមាន​ចែង​ក្នុង​អនុសញ្ញាអន្តរជាតិរបស់អង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិ ស្តីពីសិទ្ធិពលរដ្ឋ និងនយោបាយ (ICCPR) ហើយជាទូទៅ ត្រូវបានស្គាល់ថា ជាសិទ្ធិ​ទទួលបាន​ការ​ជំនុំជម្រះដោយយុតិ្តធម៌  ដើម្បីការពារជន ជាប់ចោទ​ដែលប្រព្រឹត្តបទឧក្រិដ្ឋ ពីការផ្តន្ទាទោសដោយគ្មាន​មូលដ្ឋាន​ច្បាប់​ច្បាស់​​លាស់[ii]។ សិទ្ធិទាំងនេះ រួម មាន សិទ្ធិទទួលបានការជំនុំជម្រះដោយយុត្តិធម៌ និងជាសាធារណៈ ពីសំណាក់តុលាការដែល​មាន​សមត្ថ​កិច្ច មានឯករាជ្យភាព និងមិនលម្អៀង ដែលត្រូវបានចែងដោយច្បាប់។ សិទ្ធិរបស់ជនជាប់ចោទ  ក៏បានរាប់បញ្ចូល ផងដែរនូវសិទ្ធិ​ទទួល​បានសច្ចធារណ៍នៃនិរទោស (ការសន្មតជាមុនថាគ្មានទោស) រហូតដល់មានការបង្ហាញ ឱ្យឃើញថាមានពិរុទ្ធភាព សិទ្ធិទទួលបាន​ជំនួយមេធាវី  និងសិទ្ធិមានពេលវេលាគ្រប់គ្រាន់ដើម្បីរៀបចំជាមួយ មេធាវីការពារក្តីរបស់ខ្លួន សិទ្ធិទទួលបានការជំនុំជម្រះដោយ​គ្មាន​ការ​ពន្យារពេល សិទ្ធិមានវត្តមានក្នុងសវនាការ និងសាកសួរសាក្សី និងសិទ្ធិមិនត្រូវបានបង្ខំឲ្យផ្តល់សក្ខីកម្មដាក់បន្ទុកមកលើខ្លួនឯង គំនូស​តារាង​ខាងក្រោមនេះ បានរៀបរាប់ពីសិទ្ធិមួយចំនួន ដែលត្រូវបានជួបប្រទះញឹកញាប់បំផុតនៅក្នុងសំណុំរឿង០០២/០១ ដែលមាន​ជនជាប់​ចោទ នួន ជា និង ជនជាប់ចោទ ខៀវ សំផន

សម្រាប់គំនូសតារាង ដែលរៀបរាប់ពីបញ្ហាមូលដ្ឋានស្តីពីសិទ្ធិទទួលបានការជំនុំជម្រះ​ដោយយុត្តិធម៌ក្នុងសំណុំ រឿង០០២/០១ សូមមេត្តាស្វែងរកគំនូសតារាងដែលបង្កើតឡើងដោយគម្រោងផ្តួចផ្តើមយុត្តិធម៌អន្តរជាតិប្រចាំ អាស៊ី (AIJI) តាមរយៈការតភ្ជាប់នេះ៖ AIJI – Fair Trial Rights – Khmer Chart

ប្រភពច្បាប់ដែលពាក់ព័ន្ធនៅក្នុងព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា៖

—-

Overview of  Fair Trial Rights Issues

in Case 002/01

The Law on Establishment of the ECCC [i] determined that the Court shall follow the standards established by the UN International Covenant for Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), commonly known as fair trial rights that protect those Accused of committing crimes from arbitrary convictions.[ii] These rights include the right to a fair and public hearing by a competent, independent and impartial tribunal established by law. They also include the right of an Accused person to be presumed innocent until proven guilty, the right to have a legal counsel, and the right to have adequate facilities to prepare with the counsel his or her own defense, the right to be tried without undue delay, the right to be present in his or her own presence and examine witnesses, and the right not to be compelled to testify against himself or herself.  The chart below lists the rights that were most frequently problematic over the course of Case 002/01 with accused Nuon Chea and Khieu Samphan.

For a chart outlining basic issues with fair trial rights in Case 002/01, please see AIJI’s chart here: AIJI – Fair Trial Rights at the ECCC.

[i] Available here, The Law on the Establishment of the Extraordinary Chambers

[ii] The Extraordinary Chambers shall exercise their jurisdiction in accordance with international standards of justice, fairness and due process of law, as set out in Articles 14 and 15 of the 1966 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, to which Cambodia is a party. In the interest of securing a fair and public hearing and credibility of the procedure, it is understood that representatives of Member States of the United Nations, of the Secretary-General, of the media and of national and international non-governmental organizations will at all times have access to the proceedings before the Extraordinary Chambers. Any exclusion from such proceedings in accordance with the provisions of Article 14 of the Covenant shall only be to the extent strictly necessary in the opinion of the Chamber concerned and where publicity would prejudice the interests of justice.

Posted by: AIJI Trial Monitor | March 3, 2014

Khmer Translations, KRT Monitor Issues 31-40

បញ្ជីរបាយការណ៍ប្រចាំសប្តាហ៍របស់អ្នកឃ្លាំមើលសាលាក្តីខ្មែរក្រហម

ស្តីពីសវនាការខ្មែរក្រហម លេខ ៣១ ដល់លេខ ៤០ ជាភាសាខ្មែរ

ក្នុងការស្មានទុកជាមុននៃសាលក្រមសម្រេចសេចក្តីលើសំណុំរឿង០០២ ដំណាក់កាលទី១ (សំណុំរឿង​០០២​/០១) ដែលនឹងអាចចេញ​នៅ​ក្នុង​អំឡុង​ពេលពាក់កណ្តាលឆ្នាំ២០១៤ ខាងមុខនេះ ក្រុមការងារឃ្លាំមើល​សាលា​ក្តីខ្មែរក្រហមនៃ​ គម្រោង​ផ្តួច​ផ្តើម​យុត្តិធម៌អន្តរ ជាតិប្រចាំអាស៊ី (AIJI) នឹងធ្វើការចុះផ្សាយជារៀង​រាល់​ខែ​នូវ​របាយ​ការណ៍ប្រចាំសប្តាហ៍ចំនួន១០ ជា​ភាសា​ខ្មែរ។ របាយ​ការណ៍របស់ពួក​យើង​ បានលើកឡើងអំពីការផ្តល់​ សក្ខី​កម្ម ក៏ដូចជាបញ្ហានីតិវិធីច្បាប់ និង​បញ្ហាការ​នៃ​គ្រប់គ្រងសវនាការ ដែលបានធ្វើឡើងជារៀងរាល់សប្តាហ៍ នៅ​ក្នុង​កិច្ចដំណើរការនីតិវិធីជំនុំជម្រះលើសំណុំរឿង០០២/០១។

របាយការណ៍ប្រចាំសប្តាហ៍ចាប់ពីលេខ ៣១ ដល់លេខ ៤០ បានរាយការណ៍ចាប់ពីថ្ងៃទី០៦ ខែ​សីហា រហូត​ដល់ ថ្ងៃទី១៩ ខែតុលា ឆ្នាំ ២០១២។ នៅក្នុងអំឡុងពេលដប់សប្តាហ៍ដែល​បានរាយ​ការណ៍ជូនដោយរបាយ​ការណ៍​​ទាំងដប់លេខនេះ អង្គជំនុំជម្រះ បានខិតខំប្រឹង ប្រែងដើម្បីរក្សាកិច្ចដំណើរការនីតិវិធីឲ្យប្រព្រឹត្ត​ទៅ​តាម​ពេល​វេលាប្រកបដោយប្រសិទ្ធភាព ទោះបីជាមានការរំខានមួយចំនួនបានកើតមាន ឡើងក៏ដោយ ដោយ​សារ​តែ​បញ្ហា​សុខភាពរបស់ជនជាប់ចោទ ជាពិសេស ទៅលើបញ្ហាសុខភាពរបស់ជនជាប់ចោទលោក អៀង សារី (ជា ឧទាហរណ៍ សូមលើរបាយការណ៍លេខ ៣៦ ចុះខែកញ្ញា ឆ្នាំ២០១២)។ ទោះបីជាយ៉ាងនេះក្តី កិច្ចដំណើរការ នីតិ​វិធី បានចាប់ផ្តើមសវនាការ លើភស្តុតាង ស្តីពីផ្នែកទីបីនៃសំណុំរឿង០០២/០១ (សូមមើលរបាយការណ៍ លេខ​៣៨) ដែលបានបង្ហាញពីផ្នែកជាច្រើននៃដីកាដំណោះ ស្រាយ ពាក់ព័ន្ធទៅនឹងរចនាសម្ព័ន្ធយោធា និងការ បំផ្លាស់​ទី​លំនៅប្រជាជន។ ក្នុងរបាយការណ៍លេខ ៣៩ មានការបង្ហាញពីការដាក់ បញ្ចូលនូវសំណុំរឿង ទួលពោធិ៍ជ្រៃ ទៅ​ក្នុង​សំណុំរឿង០០២/០១។ ជាលទ្ធផល សវនាការលើភស្តុតាងជាឯកសារ ត្រូវបានរៀបចំ ឡើង ដើម្បីស្តាប់​​ពី​ប្រធាន​បទទាំងនេះ (សូមមើលរបាយការណ៍លេខ ៣៨, ៣៩ និង ៤០)។

ក្នុងអំឡុងពេលវេលាដែលបានរាយការណ៍ជូនដោយរបាយការណ៍ទាំងដប់លេខនេះ  សាក្សី និងដើម​បណ្តឹង រដ្ឋប្បវេណីជាច្រើរូប បាន មកផ្តល់សក្ខីកម្មអំពីផ្នែកទីពីរ និងទីបីនៃសំណុំរឿង០០២/០១។ មុននឹងជនជាប់​ចោទលោក អៀង សារី ត្រូវបានបញ្ជូនមកសម្រាក ព្យាបាលនៅមន្ទីរពេទ្យ អង្គជំនុំជម្រះ បានស្តាប់សក្ខីកម្ម សាក្សី​ដែលជាអ្នកធ្លាប់បានបម្រើការងារឲ្យក្រសួងការបរទេសកន្លងមក មានដូចជា​៖ លោក សួង ស៊ីគឿង និងលោក អ៊ុង ថុងហឿង (សូមមើលរបាយការណ៍លេខ ៣១​ និង ៣១)។ សាក្សីដែលមកពីក្រសួង ឃោសនាការ ក៏បាន​មកផ្តល់សក្ខីកម្មនៅចំពោះមុខអង្គជំនុំជម្រះផងដែរ មានដូចជា៖ អ្នកស្រី ស សៀក និង លោក គឹម វុន (សូម​មើល របាយការណ៍លេខ ៣៣)។ សាក្សី នង សុផង់ ដែលមកពីអង្គភាពដោះលេខកូដ សារទូរលេខ ក៏បានមក​បង្ហាញខ្លួនផងដែរនៅចំពោះមុខ អង្គជំនុំជម្រះ ហើយបានរៀបរាប់ពីនីតិវិធី និងរចនា សម្ព័ន្ធទំនាក់ទំនងការសម្ងាត់​របស់បក្សកុម្មុយនីស្តកម្ពុជា (របាយការណ៍លេខ ៣៤ ដល់ ៣៥)។ ទោះបីជាជន ជាប់ចោទលោក អៀង សារី​ បានមានជម្ងឺយ៉ាងណាក៏ដោយ  នៅសប្តាហ៍ដែលបានរាយការណ៍ជូនដោយ របាយការណ៍លេខ ៣៦​ បានបង្ហាញ​ពីការផ្តល់សក្ខីកម្មរបស់សាក្សី ជា សាយ ដែលជាជាងជួសជុលរថយន្ត ឲ្យបក្សកុម្មុយនីស្តកម្ពុជា ដោយសារ​តែ​ជន​ជាប់ចោទលោក អៀង សារី បានលះបង់សិទ្ធិក្នុងការតាមដានស្តាប់ សក្ខីកម្មរបស់​សាក្សីរូបនេះ។ ការផ្តល់សក្ខី​កម្ម​របស់សាក្សី នឹម សែម បានរាយការណ៍ជូនក្នុងរបាយការណ៍ លេខ ៣៧។ អ្នកស្រី បានផ្តល់សក្ខីកម្មស្តីពី​បទ​ពិសោធន៍​របស់អ្នកស្រីដែល ជាអ្នកចម្រៀង និងជាអ្នកអានសារ ព័ត៌មានឲ្យក្រសួងព័ត៌មាន និងឃោសនា​ការ​ក្នុង​របបកម្ពុជាប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ។ សាក្សី ខៀវ អេន ដែលធ្លាប់បាន បម្រើការងារនៅក្នុងក្រសួងដូចគ្នាខាងលើនេះ បានមកផ្តល់សក្ខីកម្មនៅក្នុងសប្តាហ៍ដែលបានរាយការណ៍ជូន ដោយរបាយការណ៍លេខ ៣៨។ លោក មាស វឿន ដែលជាសាក្សីដំបូងគេមកផ្តល់សក្ខីកម្មស្តីពីផ្នែកទីបីនៃ សំណុំរឿង០០២/០១ បានផ្តល់សក្ខីកម្មក្នុង សប្តាហ៍ដែល​បានរាយការណ៍ជូនដោយ របាយការណ៍លេខ ៣៨ និងលេខ ៣៩។ គាត់បានផ្តល់សក្ខីកម្ម ស្តីពីបទពិសោធន៍​របស់​គាត់នៅ ក្នុងកងទ័ពបដិវត្តន៍កម្ពុជា រួមទាំងនៅ ពេលដែលគាត់បានបម្រើការជាមេបញ្ជាការរងកងពលក្នុង​ភូមិ​ភាគបស្ចិម។ រីឯដើមបណ្តឹងរដ្ឋប្បវេណី ដែលបាន ចូលខ្លួននៅចំពោះមុខអង្គជំនុំជម្រះក្នុងអំឡុងពេលដូចគ្នាខាង​លើនេះ គឺលោក អែម អឿន ដែលបានរៀបរាប់ ពីការអនុវត្តន៍ផ្នែកវេជ្ជសាស្ត្រក្នុងអំឡុងពេលនៃរបបកម្ពុជាប្រជា​ធិបតេយ្យ (របាយការណ៍លេខ ៣៣ ដល់លេខ ៣៤) ហើយនិងអ្នកស្រី យឹម សុវណ្ណ ដែលបានមកផ្តល់សក្ខីកម្ម​ស្តីពីបទពិសោធន៍របស់អ្នកស្រីក្នុងអំឡុងពេល ក្រុមគ្រួសាររបស់អ្នកស្រីត្រូវបានជម្លៀសចេញពីទីក្រុង ភ្នំពេញ ក្នុង​ឆ្នាំ១៩៧៥ ហើយនិងការជម្លៀសចេញពីខេត្ត កណ្តាលក្នុងឆ្នាំ១៩៧៦ (របាយការណ៍លេខ ៤០)។ លើសពីនេះ​ទៅទៀត ជនជាប់ ចោទលោក នួន ជា ត្រូវ បានអនុញ្ញាតឲ្យមានឱកាសក្នុងការបញ្ចេញមតិយោបល់ក្នុងសវនាការ ដើម្បីបញ្ជាក់ពីផ្នែកមួយចំនួននៃដីកា ដំណោះស្រាយ ដែលត្រូវបានអានដោយអង្គជំនុំជម្រះ (របាយការណ៍លេខ ៣៩) ។

បញ្ហានីតិវិធីផ្លូវច្បាប់មួយចំនួនកាលពីសប្តាហ៍មុនៗ បានបន្តកើតមានឡើងក្នុងអំឡុងពេលដប់សប្តាហ៍​នេះ។ ជា ឧទាហរណ៍ បញ្ហាលើ នីតិវិធីត្រឹមត្រូវដើម្បីប្រើប្រាស់ឯកសារដែលកំពុងសួរដេញដោលសាក្សី (របាយ​ការណ៍ លេខ ៣២, ៣៣, ៣៥​ និង ៣៩) នៅតែស្ថិតក្រោមការ ពិភាក្សាដេញដោល ទោះបីជាធ្លាប់មានសេចក្តី​សម្រេច​ពីមុន ចុះខែមិថុនា ឆ្នាំ២០១២ ដែលបានបញ្ជាក់ពីវិធីសាស្ត្រនៃការប្រើប្រាស់ឯក សារក្នុងបរិបទនេះក៏​ដោយ។ បញ្ហាលើគុណភាពនៃបទសម្ភាសន៍របស់ការិយាល័យសហចៅក្រមស៊ើបអង្កេត ក៏ត្រូវបានលើកឡើង​ផងដែរ (របាយការណ៍លេខ ៣៣, ៣៥ ,៣៧ និង ៣៩)។ នៅក្នុងរបាយការណ៍លេខ ៣១ ដែលរាយការណ៍ពី​ការ​ធ្វើ​សំណើ​អនុ​លោម​តាមវិធានផ្ទៃ ក្នុង ៣៥ ស្តីពីការជ្រៀតជ្រែកក្នុងកិច្ចការរដ្ឋបាលរបស់អង្គជំនុំជម្រះនោះ អង្គជំនុំ ជម្រះ បានច្រាលចោលចំពោះបណ្តឹងដែលពាក់ព័ន្ធនឹង សេចក្តីថ្លែងការណ៍ចោទប្រកាន់មកលើមន្ត្រីរាជ​រដ្ឋា​ភិបាល​ដែលបានចុះផ្សាយតាមរយៈសារព័ត៌មាន។ មានបញ្ហានីតិវិធីដ៏គួរឲ្យចាប់ អារម្មណ៍មួយ អាចស្វែង​រក​ក្នុង​​របាយការណ៍លេខ ៣២ ​ដែលបានបង្ហាញពីរបៀបដែលអង្គជំនុំជម្រះគួរតែមានប្រតិកម្ម នៅពេលដែលមាន​សាក្សីណាម្នាក់ (ដូចជាក្នុងករណី សាក្សី ភី ភួន) ក្រោយពីបានផ្តល់សក្ខីកម្មក្នុងសវនាការ បានផ្តល់សេចក្តី ថ្លែង​ការណ៍លើសក្ខីកម្មរបស់ ពួកគាត់ជាសាធារណៈ (តាមរយៈការធ្វើបទសម្ភាសន៍ តាមសារព័ត៌មានជា ដើម)។ របាយ​ការណ៍លេខ ៣៤ បានពិភាក្សាជាពិសេសលើ បញ្ហានៃការចូលរួមរបស់ដើមបណ្តឹងរដ្ឋប្បវេណី រួមទាំងលើ​ការទាមទារសំណង ការប្រើប្រាស់ឯកសារ និងសិទ្ធិនៅស្ងៀមសាត់របស់ដើម បណ្តឹងរដ្ឋប្បវេណី ណាម្នាក់។

បញ្ជីរបាយការណ៍ពីលេខ ៣១ ដល់លេខ ៤០ នេះ សូម​ស្វែង​រក​​តាមការតភ្ជាប់ខាងក្រោម៖

Index of AIJI KRT Trial Monitor Weekly Report Issue 31-40 in Khmer

Posted by: AIJI Trial Monitor | February 26, 2014

Countdown to Case 002/02: 11 February 2014 Trial Management Meeting Report

On the 20th of December 2013, Trial Chamber President Nil Nonn issued a memorandum concluding that proceeding with the existing panel of judges to oversee the proceedings for Case 002/02 would prove more expeditious than appointing a whole new bench, though he acknowledged reservations about the legality of either approach.[i]  Heeding the Supreme Court Chamber’s direction that evidentiary hearings in Case 002/02 should begin as soon as possible after the closing statement of Case 002/01, President Nil Nonn released a tentative Workplan on 24 December 2013, asking the parties to prepare their submissions on the scope for Case 002/02.[ii]

In response to this Workplan, the Khieu Samphan Defense team filed a written submission on 5 January 2014 that asked the Chamber to wait until the final verdict is reached in Case 002/01 before beginning the proceedings in the second trial.[iii] The Office of Co-Prosecutors, the Defense team for Nuon Chea, and the Civil Party Lawyers all contested this submission.

On 7 February 2014, The Trial Chamber issued a memo[iv] to schedule a Trial Management Meeting (TMM) on 11 February 2014. The meeting was called to address two points: the general response to Khieu Samphan’s Defense team’s submission on postponing Case 002/02 proceedings until the final verdict,[v] and the response to parties’ submissions on scope for Case 002/02.[vi]

Read the report in English: TMM Report – 11 February 2014


[i] President of the Trial Chamber. “President’s Memorandum on the Proposal to Appoint a Second Panel of the Trial Chamber to Try the Remaining Charges in Case 002” (20 December 2013) E301/4. Par. 4, 7. [hereinafter PRESIDENT MEMO]. [ii] PRESIDENT MEMO [iii] Nuon Chea Defense Team. “Nuon Chea’s Response To Trial Chamber’s Request For Submissions Concerning The Scope Of Case 002/02” (31 January 2014). E301/5/4 [hereinafter, NC SCOPE]. par. 2 [iv] President Trial Chamber. “Adversarial hearing prior to commencement of evidentiary hearing in Case 002/02 (11 February 2014)” (7 February 2014), E301/9. [v] Khieu Samphan Defense Counsel’s Submission re Scope of Case 002/02 (waiting for English translation) [hereinafter KS SCOPE]. [vi] Submissions: NC SCOPE; Office of Co-Prosecutors. “Co-Prosecutors’ Submission re Scope of Case 002/02” (31 January 2014). E301/5/1 [hereinafter OCP SCOPE]; Civil Party lawyers. “Civil Parties’ Submission re Scope of Case 002/02” (31 January 2014). E301/5/3 [hereinafter CP SCOPE]; KS SCOPE.
Posted by: AIJI Trial Monitor | February 10, 2014

Online Resources for Legal Students in Cambodia

During outreaches, AIJI engages with law students who are often doing research on legal issues in Cambodia. We compiled a list of relevant online sources for those seeking more information on national and international law generally, as well as specific resources on Cambodian law.

Statutory Law

International Law

Cambodian Case Law

Secondary Sources

Journal Articles:

Library Databases:

Dictionaries:

List compiled by Gemma Chew

Posted by: AIJI Trial Monitor | February 10, 2014

Understanding the Separation of Powers in Cambodia

Article 51 of the Cambodian Constitution holds that the legislative, executive, and judicial powers in Cambodia shall be separate. In theory, this separation of powers is intended to place checks and balances on the different branches of government, separating the areas of responsibility and governance in order to minimize the power of any one branch. Additionally, mass media is often included as the “fourth estate” or fourth branch, because the press checks the other branches of government by demanding transparency, allowing for the healthy functioning of democracy.  AIJI produced a summary chart of the separation of powers in Cambodia today, highlighting the role & function of the branches as well as their positive and negative practices.   

See the chart in full here: Separation of Powers in Cambodia 

Aiji.Separation of Powers

 

Chart authored by Melanie Hyde & Francisca Gilmore

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